Where do my fees go?

We want to be as open as possible about where your fees go. Undergraduate home students invest £9,250 per year in their University education and it’s only right that we show how we spend it. International students pay different fees depending on their subject. We’ve broken down the average spend for each fee type based on a number of different areas.

UK/EU students

International students

The figures above are based on our 2019/20 financial statements. We will aim to update them in January 2022 followng the finalisation of our 2020/21 financial statements.

Explanation of Cost Categories

Academic and teaching

Primarily staff costs related to delivering and supporting lectures, laboratory sessions, seminars, personal tutoring. This includes programme development and quality activity, teaching resources and equipment.

Student support

Includes student counselling and welfare services, financial grant to the SU, the Careers Service, pastoral support in residences, programme quality and teaching administration.

IT and Library

Includes library running costs, books, journals, e-publications and support, wi-fi, student email systems, Blackboard, teaching space technology and support (physical and digital).


The support provided to students through a variety of schemes, including our obligations under the OfS Access and Participation Plan, to support students from disadvantaged backgrounds.


Includes all payments made to international recruiting agents.

Running the campus

Includes the costs of running and maintaining our buildings and infrastructure (including digital), paying for utilities and estates services (for example security and cleaning), providing sufficient insurance cover.

Running the university

This covers the costs of keeping the University running and compliant, including finance, human resources, student recruitment and alumni relations functions.

Notes about international fees

  • We understand why international students ask questions about fees, and why they remain the same despite the COVID pandemic that has required us, like other universities to transfer a significant proportion of teaching to online delivery through Ignite to ensure student and staff safety and wellbeing. Similarly, it is understandable that questions are raised about the difference between international fees and those paid by UK students.
  • UK tuition fees are subsidised by the Government which is effectively the UK tax payer through grants the University receives - this level of tax payer support is not available to international students.
  • A proportion of international fees are required to underpin the research the University carries out, and therefore ensure that international students benefit from research led teaching in a leading research intensive University. From a UK student perspective this support comes in the form of the tax payer subsidy mentioned above.
  • We review our international fee levels regularly and this takes into account the competitive market in which we operate and in which students have choice.
  • In addition to this there are specific overhead costs associated with offering international education compared to those associated with UK students. This includes student support services designed to support the transition and settling into studying in the UK to ongoing support unique to international students' needs through to compliance with immigration and visa rules.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has not changed these costs and nor does the infrastructure of the University cost any less as a consequence of the pandemic. In fact, in places, costs have increased as the physical and digital infrastructure has had to be adapted in the post COVID environment.
  • Major efforts continue to be made by university staff to ensure that course modules can be completed, resources can be accessed, exams and assessments can proceed where appropriate, and qualifications can be awarded. The University also continues to provide all services to support the student experience, these include the Library, Careers, support for mental health and wellbeing and opportunities offered through Sport and Active Life.