I studied History, Political Science, Law and Eastern European Studies at the University of Hamburg, completing my PhD there in 2014. During my doctoral project, I conducted research in archives in Israel, Poland, Germany and the United States and was awarded several grants and fellowships amongst other at the German Historical in Warsaw (GHI) and at the Institute for Jewish Research in New York (YIVO).
2013-2015 I was working as a research associate at the Institute for the History of the German Jews in Hamburg (IGdJ) and taught German, Eastern European and modern Jewish History at the Universities of Hamburg, Frankfurt Oder and Heidelberg. I was appointed lecturer in Modern European History at Leicester University in 2016 and was promoted to associate professor in 2022. I am the director of the Stanley Burton Centre for Holocaust and Genocide Studies.
2019-2021 I was away on research leave from the University of Leicester on a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship funded by the European Commission for my project 'Clothing, Fashion and Nation Building in the "Land of Israel"'. During this time, I was hosted at the Avraham Harman Institute for Contemporary Jewry at the Hebrew University Jerusalem.
I work on the history of modern Europe, specifically modern Germany and Eastern Europe, with an emphasis on the Holocaust and Jewish history in a transnational dimension.
My PhD and subsequent research focuses on the coerced ghetto communities established by the Germans during WW II. In my doctoral project I examined concepts of criminality and law formulated by the Jewish Councils in the ghettos of Warsaw, Lodz and Vilna. My resulting first book was published in September 2015 by Hamburger Edition. It came out as a revised and updated English translation with University of Toronto Press in 2021.
I am currently working on a book project looking at the role of German and Eastern European immigrants in the nation building process in 'Eretz Israel' (late 19th - mid 20th century) with a focus on clothing and fashion as representations and practices of belonging and identification. As part of this, I held a Marie-Curie fellowship at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (2019-21) that developed a new methodological approach to integrate approaches from visual culture and fashion history into research on nation building.
I am currently holding an AHRC Research Development and Engagement Fellowship (2023-25) for my project 'Between Diaspora and the "Land of Israel": Jewish Dress, Migration and Belonging, 1880s-1948' to write my second monograph and to undertake a programme of engagement activities on the broader theme of dress and migration with partner organisations in the heritage and museums sector in Israel and the UK.
Bethke (2021), Dance on the Razor's Edge. Crime and Punishment in the Nazi Ghettos, University of Toronto Press [revised and updated translation of the first monograph].
- Bethke (2015), Tanz auf Messers Schneide - Kriminalität und Recht in den Ghettos Warschau, Litzmannstadt und Wilna, Litzmannstadt und Wilna, Hamburg: Hamburger Edition (Studien zur Gewaltgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts).[Prizes: Translation Prize of the German Book Trade Association (2017); Irma-Rosenberg Main Prize (2016); Immanuel-Kant Research Prize for outstanding doctoral theses by the Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and Media and the Federal Institute for Culture and History of the Germans in Eastern Europe (BKGE) (2014); Research Prize of the Consul General of the Polish Republic in Hamburg for outstanding doctoral theses (2014)]
Edited special issues in peer-reviewed journals
- Bethke and Gil Pasternak (2022), eds., 'Jewish Dress Through Historical Visual Sources', Special Issue, TEXTILE: Cloth and Culture (commissioned, published online in Dec.)
Bethke and Keigel (2019), eds., 'Clothing and Fashion in Historical Perspective', Special Issue, International Journal of Fashion Studies 6, 2.
Journal articles and chapters
- Bethke (2023), 'Kleidung und Mode als Zugang zur jüdischen Migrationsgeschichte: Die Fallstudie "Erez Israel"' [Clothing and Fashion as Approaches to the History of Jewish Migration: The Case Study 'Eretz Israel'], In Institut für jüdische Geschichte Österreichs (ed.), Juden in Mitteleuropa (accepted for publication, forthcoming in July).
- Bethke (2023), 'Forging National Belonging: Transformation, Visibility and Dress in the German-Jewish Youth Movement Blau-Weiss, 1912-1927', In Central European History (accepted for publication, forthcoming in Sept.)
- Bethke and Pasternak (2022), 'Jewish Dress Through Historical Visual Sources: An Introduction', In Bethke and Pasternak (2022), eds., 'Jewish Dress Through Historical Visual Sources', Special Issue, TEXTILE: Cloth and Culture.
- Bethke (2021), 'Clothing, Fashion and Survival in the Nazi Ghettos', In Natalia Aleksiun and Hanna Kubátová (eds.), Places, Spaces and Voids in the Holocaust, Göttingen: Wallstein, 329-337.
Bethke (2020), Attempts To Take Action In A Coerced Community: Petitions to the Jewish Council in the Lodz Ghetto during World War II, In Wolf Gruner/Thomas Pegelow Kaplan (eds.), Petitions Resisting Genocide: Negotiating Self-Determination and Survival in Societies under Oppression, New York/Oxford: Berghahn, 2020, 114-137.
- Bethke (2019), How to Dress Up in Eretz Israel, 1880s-1948: A Visual Approach to Clothing, Fashion and Nation Building, In International Journal of Fashion Studies 6, 2: 217-237.
- Bethke and Keigel (2019), Fashion and History: There Is No Doubt That Clothes Matter, In International Journal of Fashion Studies 6, 2: 183-191.
- Bethke, Breward, Keigel, and Novikov (2019), Fashion Studies, Five Questions: An Interview with Christopher Breward, In International Journal of Fashion Studies 6, 2: 193-199.
- Bethke (2014), Crime and Punishment in Emergency Situations. The Jewish Ghetto Courts in Warsaw, Lodz and Vilna in WW II - A Comparative Study, In Dapim. Studies on the Holocaust 28, 3: 173-189.
- Bethke (2013), Regeln und Sanktionen im Getto Litzmannstadt. Die Bekanntmachungen des Judenratsvorsitzenden Rumkowski [Rules and Sanctions in the Lodz Ghetto. The Proclamations of the Jewish Council Head Rumkowski], In Zeitschrift für Genozidforschung 13, 1/2: 30-52.
- Bethke and Schmidt Holländer (2011), Lebenswelt Ghetto: Raumtheorie und interpretatives Paradigma als Bereicherung für die Erforschung jüdischer Ghettos im Nationalsozialismus [Life World Ghetto. Spatial Theory and Interpretative Paradigm as a Contribution for Research on National Socialist Ghettos], In PaRDeS. Journal of the German Association of Jewish Studies e.V. 17: 35-51.
Journalistic publications and expert interviews
(2020) Expert interview with Time Magazine for article on national memories of World War Two in Eastern Europe.
- (2019) Expert interview with Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung (Federal Agency for Civic Education, Germany) on the Jewish Councils in Ghettos during World War Two.
- (2018) Article: 'Poland is trying to Rewrite History with this controversial Holocaust Law', In The Conversation, Holocaust Law [published 16 February 2018].
- (2018) Expert interview with CNN on the 2018 Holocaust legislation in Poland
- (2018) Expert interview for Podcast with ABC Radio Australia on Poland, World War II and Holocaust denial
I am keen to supervise undergraduate and postgraduate students working on modern German, Eastern European and Jewish history specifically on everyday (Jewish) life during WW II and the Holocaust. I am furthermore interested in taking on students working on topics of legal history and dress history with a geographical focus on modern Europe and the Middle East (specifically Palestine and Israel). I am also happy to supervise dissertations in comparative genocide studies.
My teaching reflects many of my research interests. I teach on the history of modern Germany and Eastern Europe, specifically on WW II, the Holocaust and its aftermath as well as on topics in comparative genocide studies. I also teach on modern Jewish history and the history of dress, visual and material culture in 19th and 20th Century Europe in a transnational context.
Examples of modules I teach:
• HS7037: After the Holocaust: History and Memory in Post war Germany
• HS 3745/46: Genocide and Mass Violence in Comparative Perspective
• HS3681: You Are What You Wear? Clothing, Fashion and Belonging in the Modern World
• HS 2400: Perceiving The Past. An Introduction to Historiography
• HS2234: Race and Ethnicity: European encounters with ‘others’
• HS1100: People and Places: Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski (1877-1944) and the Jewish Councils in the Ghettos during the Holocaust
• HS1016: Europe 1861-1991: Emancipation and Subjugation
• HS1000: Making History: The Jewish Councils in Ghettos during World War II
Press and media
I am happy to be contacted to comment on on topics related to the Holocaust, memory culture and (Jewish) dress history and material culture.