Dr Mark Connor

Lecture in Criminology, Director of Education

Photograph of Dr Mark Connor

School/Department: Criminology, School of

Telephone: +44 (0)116 252 5704



I obtained a BA (Hons) in Critical Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Bangor in 2002 an MSc in Clinical Criminology in 2006 and a PhD from the University of Leicester in 2014. I have been employed with the School since 2007 teaching across the School's undergraduate and postgraduate campus-based programmes.


Based on the prosecution of Ernest Boulton and William Park in 1870, the cross-dressing cause célèbre of the Victorian period, my research explores the complex interplay of gendered nineteenth century narratives that emerged in both public and institutional discourse as a result of the arrest and prosecution for conspiracy to commit sodomy of the male cross-dressers and their acquaintances.

Whilst accepting that the case of Boulton and Park has rightly found its place within the established narrative histories of male sexuality I argue that the case, and indeed the image of the male cross-dresser in general, illuminates much more than nascent Victorian conceptions of homosexuality. The effeminacy of the cross-dresser, although universally stigmatised, is shown to represent a multitude of social ills ranging from economic indolence to moral degeneracy, placing the cross-dresser at the nexus of bourgeoisie social anxiety.

Through the detailed analysis of legal transcripts and press reports my research demonstrates the significance of the analysis of the male cross-dresser beyond the narrow confines of the history of sexuality. The prosecution of Boulton and Park attests to more than the increasingly reactionary policing of bourgeois conceptions of masculinity during the mid to late nineteenth century. The unprecedented publicity that accompanied the case combined with the cross-dresser’s ability to unite previously disparate strands of deviant discourses, like those of the female prostitute and male sodomite, is shown to represent a rare moment in which the totality of bourgeois anxiety was manifest, a moment in which the cross-dresser became the gendered folk devil for an age of ideological temperance.


I am happy to accept applications to supervise PhDs on the following topics:

  • The history of sexuality
  • Regulation of gender (with specific focus on the regulation of masculinity in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries)
  • The social construction of the deviant (with specific focus on eighteenth and nineteenth century representations of social order and respectability)


  • Introduction to Criminology (BSc Criminology, BA Sociology with Criminology and LLB Law with Criminology Year 1 core module)
  • Theories of Crime (BSc Criminology and BSc Criminology with Forensic Psychology Year 1 core module)
  • Preparing for your Research Project (BSc Criminology and BSc Criminology with Forensic Psychology Year 3 core module)
  • Student Research Project (BSc Criminology Year 3 core module)
  • Dissertation (Postgraduate core module)
  • Theorising Crime & Deviance (Postgraduate core module)

Press and media

Crime history


University of Leicester Citizens' Award 2021: Teaching Excellence Award.


Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
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