People

Dr Eva Krockow

Lecturer in Psychology and Research Lead for the Health and Wellbeing (with Ageing) Research Group

School/Department: Neuroscience Psychology & Behaviour, Department of

Telephone: +44 (0)116 252 3277

Email: emk12@leicester.ac.uk

Profile

I studied Psychology at the University of Leicester and International Politics for a Masters at Durham University. Following three years of professional employment in the field of international development which led me to Belgium, West Africa and Germany, I returned to academia and completed my research towards a PhD in decision theory at the University of Leicester. I held several research posts with the Department of Health Sciences at the University of Leicester before being appointed as a Lecturer in Psychology for the Department of Neuroscience Psychology and Behaviour. In 2020, I took on the role as Lead for the Department's Health and Wellbeing (with Ageing) Research Group. I am also a member of the Judgment and Decision making research group.

Research

My research pertains to the Psychology of medical decision making and public health risk literacy. Using mixed-methods designs, I study perceptions of risks and uncertainty underlying medical treatment choices. For example, I have investigated doctors’ antibiotic prescribing choices and medical advice giving through interviews with frontline hospital staff in different countries. Another area of interest are collective intelligence approaches for optimising health-related decisions. Specifically, I have used computer simulations to aggregate choices of larger crowds of medical decision makers with a view to comparing performance of groups and individuals. More recently I have become interested in health risk communication about antibiotic resistance and how this contributes to behaviour change. This has included investigations into the importance of developing impactful disease terminology and designing effective public health information. A final area of my work is concerned with understanding core principles underlying more general decision making, cooperation and defection. I study this by modelling human choices in experimental games. Following research visits to Germany, Japan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and Sweden and due to my personal interests in foreign languages and cultures a part of my work also focuses on cross-cultural differences. I use both qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis in my research.

Publications

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Ashiru-Oredope, D., Nabiryo, M., Krockow, E. M., & Essack, S. (2022). Global burden of antimicrobial resistance: Essential pieces of a global puzzle. The Lancet.

Krockow, E. M., Harvey, E., & Ashiru-Oredope, D. (2022). Addressing Long term and Repeat Antibiotic Prescriptions in Primary Care: Considerations for a Behavioural Approach. BMJ Quality & Safety.

Tarrant, C., & Krockow, E. M. (2021).  Antibiotic overuse: Managing uncertainty and mitigating against overtreatment. BMJ Quality & Safety, 31, 163-167.

Harring, N., & Krockow, E. M.* (2021).The social dilemmas of climate change and antibiotic resistance: An analytic comparison and discussion of policy implications. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 8, 125. *Both authors contributed equally to this article.

Hamilton, R. A., Krockow, E. M., & Vekria, P. (2021). Attitudes towards influenza and uptake of the flu vaccine: A survey of pharmacy staff working in English hospitals. Vaccine, 39, 2636-2642.

Pulford, B., Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., and Pinto, D. (2021). A five-factor integrative model of strategic reasoning in dyadic games. European Journal of Social Psychology, 51 (7), 1226-48.

Gram, L., Granados, R., Krockow, E. M., Daruwalla, N. and David Osrin, D. (2021). Modelling collective action to change social norms around domestic violence in communities: Social dilemmas and the role of altruism. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 8, 53.

Tarrant, C., Colman, A. M., Jenkins, D. J., Chattoe-Brown, E., Perera, N., Mehtar, S., Nakkawita, D., Bolscher, M., and Krockow, E. M. (2021). Broad spectrum antibiotic overuse as a solution to structural problems? A qualitative study of hospital prescribers in the UK, Sri Lanka and South Africa. Antibiotics, 10(1), 94.

Khor, W. P., Olaoye, O., D’Arcy, N., Krockow, E. M., Abdelsalam Elshenawy, R., Rutter, V & Ashiru-Oredope, D. (2020). The need for ongoing antimicrobial stewardship activities during the COVID-19 pandemic and actionable recommendations. Antibiotics, 9(12), 904

Tarrant, C., Krockow, E. M., Rousham E. K., Rönnerstrand, B. (2020) Optimising Antibiotic Use: Social and Contextual Issues. Frontiers in Sociology,5, 620048.

Krockow, E. M.,Kurvers, R. H. J. M., Herzog, S. M., Kämmer, J. E., Hamilton, R. A., Thilly, N., Macheda, G., & Pulcini, C. (2020). Harnessing the wisdom of crowds can improve guideline compliance of antibiotic prescribers and support antimicrobial stewardship. Scientific Reports, 10,18782.

Krockow, E. M. (2020). Nomen est omen: Why we need to re-name “Antimicrobial Resistance”. JAC-Antimicrobial Resistance, 2(3).

Tarrant, C., Krockow, E. M., Nakkawita, D., Bolscher, M., Colman, A. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., Perera, N., Mehtar, S., Jenkins, D. R. (2020). Moral and contextual dimensions of “inappropriate" antibiotic prescribing in secondary care: A three-country interview studyFrontiers in Sociology, 5, 7. doi:10.3389/fsoc.2020.00007

Chattoe-Brown, E., Colman, A. M., Jenkins, D. R., Krockow, E. M., Mehtar, S., Perera, N., Tarrant, C. (2020). So You Got Two Ologies? The Challenge of Empirically Modelling Medical Prescribing Behaviour and its Effect on Anti-Microbial Resistance as a Case Study. In Advances in Social Simulation: Looking in the Mirror. Editors: Verhagen H, Borit M, Bravo G, Wijermans N . 89-99

Fitzpatrick, F., Tarrant, C., Hamilton, V., Kiernan, F., Jenkins, D. R., Krockow, E. M. (2019).Sepsis and antimicrobial stewardship –– two sides of the same coin.BMJ Quality and Safety, 28, 758-761. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2019-009445

Colman, A. M., Krockow, E. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., & Tarrant, C. (2019).Medical prescribing and antibiotic resistance: A game-theoretic analysis of a potentially catastrophic social dilemma. PLOS ONE, 14(4), e0215480. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0215480

Tarrant, C., Colman, A.M., Chattoe-Brown, E., Jenkins, D. R., Mehtar, S. Perera, N., & Krockow E.M. (2019)Optimising antibiotic prescribing: Collective approaches to managing a common-pool resource. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 25(11), 1356-1363.doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2019.03.008

Krockow E.M. & Tarrant, C. (2019). The international dimensions of antimicrobial resistance: Contextual factors shape distinct ethical challenges in South Africa, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom. Bioethics, 33, 756-765. doi:10.1111/bioe.12604

Krockow, E.M., Colman, A.M., Chattoe-Brown, E., Jenkins, D.R., Perera, N., Mehtar, S., & Tarrant, C. (2019).Balancing the risks to individual and society: A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research on antibiotic prescribing behaviour in hospitalsJournal of Hospital Infection, 101, 428-439. doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2018.08.007

Krockow, E. M., Riviere, E., Frosch, C. A. (2019). Improving Shared Health Decision Making for Children and Adolescents with Chronic Illness: A Narrative Literature Review.Patient Education and Counseling,102, 623-630. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2018.11.017

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M. (2018). Far but finite horizons promote cooperation in the Centipede game. Journal of Economic Psychology, 67, 191-199doi:10.1016/j.joep.2018.07.002

Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., Buabang, E., Krockow, E. M. (2018). The persuasive power of knowledge: Testing the confidence heuristic. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147, 1431-1444doi:10.1037/xge0000471

Colman, A. M., Pulford, B. D. & Krockow, E. M. (2018). Persistent cooperation and gender differences in Repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma games: Some things never changeActa Psychologica, 187, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2018.04.014

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., Pulford, B. D. (2018). Dynamic Probability of Reinforcement for Cooperation: Random Game Termination in the Centipede Game.Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 52(2), 349-364. doi:10.1002/jeab.320

Krockow, E. M., Takezawa, M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., Smithers, S., Kita, T., & Nakawake, Y. (2018).Commitment-enhancing tools in Centipede games: Evidencing European–Japanese differences in trust and cooperation. Judgment and Decision Making, 13(1), 61-72.

Krockow, E. M., Takezawa, M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., & Kita, T. (2017). Cooperation and trust in Japanese and British samples: Evidence from incomplete information gamesInternational Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation, 6(4), 227-245. doi:10.1037/ipp0000074

Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., Lawrence, C. L., & Krockow, E. M. (2017). Reasons for cooperating in repeated interactions: Social value orientations, fuzzy traces, reciprocity, and activity bias. Decision, 4(2), 102-122. doi:10.1037/dec0000057

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (2016a). Cooperation in repeated interactions: A systematic review of Centipede game experiments, 1992–2016. European Review of Social Psychology, 27(1), 231–282. doi:10.1080/10463283.2016.1249640

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (2016b). Exploring cooperation and competition in the Centipede game through verbal protocol analysis. European Journal of Social Psychology, 46(6), 746–761. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2226.

Pulford, B. D., Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Lawrence, C. L. (2016). Social value induction and cooperation in the Centipede game. PLOS ONE, 11(3), 1–21, e0152352. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0152352

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., & Colman, A. M. (2015). Competitive Centipede games: Zero-end payoffs and payoff inequality deter reciprocal cooperationGames, 6, 262–272. doi:10.3390/g6030262

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Supervision

I welcome approaches from prospective PhD students with interests in the areas of health-related judgement and decision making.
I currently supervise the following PhD students:

Maryam Bathaei Javareshk
Jodi Withers
Reem Alowaybil
Dhipteen Kaur Braich

Teaching

I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA). My teaching includes a variety of topics relating to health psychology, judgement and decision making, social psychology, statistics and qualitative methods. I teach both undergraduate and postgraduate Psychology students. Specific modules include:

PS2103 Practical Research Skills in Psychology
PS2108 Topics in Professional Psychology
PS2109 Topics in Health and Wellbeing
PS3109 Individual and Interactive Decision Making
PS3101 Psychology Dissertation

Press and media

I welcome press enquiries pertaining to the areas of judgement and decision making, health-related decisions and public health communications. 

Selected media contributions include:

Krockow, E. M., Stretching Theory [regular blog on decision making]. Psychology Today.
https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/stretching-theory

Krockow, E. M. Using game theory to combat antibiotic resistance. [radio interview] (July 2019) ABC National Health Report

Krockow, E. M. The Analogue Human. [radio interview] (June 2019). BBC Radio 4

Krockow, E. M. (18 July 2018). The confidence heuristic [Podcast interview]. In The Conversation (producer), Anthill 27, London, UK.

Krockow, E. M. (5 February 2018). Cross-cultural differences in trust [Radio interview]. In BBC Radio Leicester (producer), Mid-morning with Ben Jackson, Leicester, UK.

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., & Colman, A. M. (31 January 2018). ""Are some cultures less trusting than others?"" The Conversation

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (10th November 2017). ""Why is it nice to be nice? Solving Darwin's puzzle of Kindness"". The Conversation

Awards

ESRC East Midlands DTP PhD studentship (Co-PI) (£65k) to investigate action bias in antibiotic decision making (2022)

Research Grant (£3,000) as part of COVID Career Support and Inclusion Scheme, Leicester Wellcome Trust ISSF (2021)

Collaborator in: Leicester Institute of Advanced Studies "Tiger Team" grant (£5000) to fund a collaboration entitled “Discourses of Long Covid: the role of language in the reification and management of an emergent condition”. (2021)

Pulford, B.D., Colman, A.M., Frosch, C.A. & Krockow, E.M. (2021-2024) £63,811 awarded by the Leicester Judgment and Decision Making Endowment to study ‘Communication, deception, and iterated decisions under bounded rationality’.

Wellcome Trust ISSF Early Career Fellowship £65,000 to fund a one year research project investigating antibiotic prescribing and the wisdom of crowds (2019)

College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology PhD Excellence Prize 2016-17; University of Leicester (£150); click here for a video of my doctoral inaugural lecture on trust and cooperation in repeated interactions

Grindley Grant (£500) to fund conference participation at International Conference on Thinking, 3-6 August 2016, Rhode Island, US, by Experimental Psychology Society

Travel grant (€3,323) by Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom to fund a research visit in Japan (July-October 2015)

Travel grant (€1,287) by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom to fund conference participation at the 16th International Conference for Social Dilemmas, Hong Kong (23-26 June 2015)

PhD Scholarship (approx. €15,000 per annum) by the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom (March 2014-January 2017)

Conferences

Invited Talks

Krockow, E. M. (2022). The physician, the pharmacist, the nurse and their microbiologist - the pivotal role of a MDT approach to behavioural science. BSAC Spring Conference, Royal College of Physicians, London (May 2022).

Krockow, E. M. (2019). Ethical challenges of antibiotic prescribing. National Students AMR Conference, Aston University, Birmingham (November 2019)

Krockow, E. M. (2019). The social dilemma of antimicrobial resistance: Is there a role for the wisdom of crowds? Max-Planck-Institute for Human Development, Berlin (Feb 2019)

Krockow, E. M.,Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., & Buabang, E. K. (Jan 2019). Persuading with confidence: Evidence for the confidence heuristic. Metacognition lab, University College London

Krockow, E. M. (Oct 2018). Antimicrobial resistance: a social dilemma problem? London Judgment and Decision Making seminar series, University College London, London

Krockow, E. M. (Oct 2018).Antimicrobial resistance: a social dilemma problem? Geary Institute for Public Policy, University College Dublin, Dublin

Krockow, E. M. (May 2018). Antimicrobial resistance as a social dilemma: Evidence from multi-national qualitative data. CeCAR, Gothenburg University, Sweden

Krockow, E. M. (Oct 2015). Cooperation in the Centipede game: Two cross-cultural studies on insurance and incomplete information. Hokkaido University, Japan

 

Selected Conference Presentations

Krockow, E. M. (08/2022). How to reframe antimicrobial resistance: Pronounceability of health terminology predicts public’s memory and risk perception. European Health Psychology Society Conference, Bratislava, Slovakia

Krockow, E. M., Harring, N. (07/2022). The social dilemmas of climate change and antibiotic resistance: an analytic comparison and discussion of policy implications. International Conference on Social Dilemmas, Copenhagen, Denmark

Krockow, E. M., Tarrant, C., Colman, A. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., (08/2019). Preserving Antibiotic Drug Efficacy: A Social Dilemma Problem? Subjective Probability, Utility, & Decision Making Conference, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Krockow, E. M., Tarrant, C., Colman, A. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., (06/2019). The social dilemma of antibiotic prescribing. International Conference on Social Dilemmas, Arizona, US

Krockow, E. M.,Jenkins, D., Colman, A. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., Mehtar, S., Perera, N., Tarrant, C. (09/2018). Balancing the risks of antibiotic use: A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research on antibiotic prescribing behaviour in hospitals. BSA Medical Sociology Annual Conference, Glasgow, UK

Krockow, E. M., Tarrant, C., Colman, A. M., Chattoe-Brown, E., (04/2018). Balancing the risks to individual and society: a systematic review of qualitative research on antibiotic prescribing in secondary care. Congress of the International Federation of Infection Control, Krakow, Poland

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M. (06/2017). Far but finite horizons promote cooperation in the Centipede game. International Conference on Social Dilemmas, Italy

Krockow, E. M., Takezawa, M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M., Smithers, S., Kita, T., & Nakawake, Y. (08/2016). Are Japanese people more trusting and cooperative than Europeans? Evidence from Centipede games With commitment-enhancing tools. Intl. Conference on Thinking, Brown University, US

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M. (06/2016). Bounded Rationality in Competitive Centipede Games. Summer Institute on Bounded Rationality, Max Planck Institute, Berlin, Germany

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M. (06/2015). “Wow, I underestimated the good nature and of humanity of people!”: Exploring cooperation in the Centipede game through verbal protocol analysis. International Conference on Social Dilemmas, China

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., Colman, A. M. (12/2014). Exploring cooperation in the Centipede game through verbal protocol analysis. NIBS Workshop, University of Nottingham

Interests

I am passionate about public engagement activities and science communication. 

For example, I regularly participate in podcasts and media interviews. I also enjoy public engagement events such as the British Science Festival.

Furthermore, I am an online blogger on the topic of decision science for Psychology Today. If you'd like to receive updates about new articles, please get in touch via emk12@le.ac.uk.

Media coverage

Krockow, E. M.Stretching Theory [regular blog on decision making].Psychology Today.

Robin Eveleigh. The people who base their life decisions on a dice roll. [Feature in online article] (June 2021) Vice.

Uppsala Antibiotic CenterThe AMR Studio Episode 21. [Feature in podcast]. (September 2020).

Krockow, E. M.,Abstract, confusing and difficult to pronounce: why we need to rename antimicrobial resistance. (August 2020). BSAC blog.

Christopher Harper. Further lockdown: University of Leicester professor reveals what it could mean for our mental health. [Feature in online newspaper article]. (April 2020). Leicester Mercury.

Christopher Harper. Professor spots awful Sainsbury's 'deal' - and has advice for customers looking a bargain [Feature in online newspaper article]. (January 2020). Leicester Mercury.

Fuchs, H. Eva KrockowNudges: How little tricks influence our decisions [Feature in online article] (December 2019). Deutsche Welle.

Krockow, E. M. How to overcome regret. [radio interview](December 2019). ABC Radio Melbourne.

Social-Engineer Inc, Reframe Your Decisions with Dr Eva Krockow. [podcast]. (November 2019). Security through Education.

Fuchs, H., Eva KrockowNudges: Wie kleine Stupser unsere Entscheidungen beeinflussen. [Feature in online article] (November 2019). Deutsche Welle.

Krockow, E. M., When Does Confidence Signal Knowledge? [Feature in magazine article] (September 2019) Psychology Today

Krockow, E. M. Using game theory to combat antibiotic resistance. [radio interview] (July 2019) ABC National Health Report

Krockow, E. M.The Analogue Human. [radio interview] (June 2019). BBC Radio 4

Krockow, E.M.The social dilemma of antibiotic use: Optimising antibiotic use is hard. Eva Krockow explains why. (April 2019) The Psychologist.

Krockow, E. M. Don’t let your academic career determine your every move. (April 2019) LSE Impact Blog.

Krockow, E. M.Don't be the Ferrari going around in circles. (March 2019) The Psychologist

Potter, L., "Eva Krockow: Overcome decision fatigue". [Feature in magazine article] (February 2019) Healthy Magazine

Krockow, E. M. (23 January 2019). Trick yourself into healthy eating [radio interview]. In Lisa Valentine Clark Show, BYU Radio, US.

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (3 September 2018). "Confused about what to believe when information clashes? Our research may help." The Conversation

Krockow, E. M. (18 July 2018). The confidence heuristic [Podcast interview]. In The Conversation (producer), Anthill 27, London, UK.

Krockow, E. M. (5 February 2018). Cross-cultural differences in trust [Radio interview]. In BBC Radio Leicester (producer), Mid-morning with Ben Jackson, Leicester, UK.

Krockow, E. M., Pulford, B. D., & Colman, A. M. (31 January 2018). "Are some cultures less trusting than others?The Conversation

Krockow, E. M., Colman, A. M., & Pulford, B. D. (10th November 2017). "Why is it nice to be nice? Solving Darwin's puzzle of Kindness". The Conversation

Colman, A. M., & Krockow, E. M. (2017). Game theory and psychology. In D. S. Dunn (Ed.), Oxford bibliographies in psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Krockow, E. M. (2016, November 26). Make the most of you

Colman, A. M., Krockow, E. M., Frosch, C. A., & Pulford, B. D. (2017). Rationality and backward induction in Centipede games. In N. Galbraith, E. Lucas, & D. E. Over (Eds.), The thinking mind: A Festschrift for Ken Manktelow (pp. 139–150). London: Routledge.

Postgrad Diary (19th March 2014) “Eva Krockow: I’m keeping my Options open” [Newspaper article]. The Independent.

Qualifications

2022: Chartered Psychologist at the British Psychological Society (BPS)

2020: Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA)

2017: PhD in Psychology (pass with no corrections), University of Leicester

2010: MA International Studies (Distinction), Durham University

2009: BSc (hons) Psychology (First class), University of Leicester

 

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