Chemical Principles

Module code: CH1000

Module co-ordinator: Dr David L Davies

Topics covered

  • Atomic structure and electron configuration
  • Fundamental properties of gases, liquids and solids
  • Fundamental properties of different bond types including covalent, ionic, metallic, coordinative and intermolecular interactions
  • Using the VSEPR model to predict the shapes of simple molecules
  • Valence bond and molecular orbital theory
  • MO diagrams for simple molecules
  • Basic structures adopted by metals and simple ionic solids, and how these relate to properties, e.g.electrical conductivity
  • 2-D representations of 3-D molecules using usual chemical conventions
  • Coordinative bond; theory of Lewis acids and bases
  • Theoretical basis of the periodic table; periodic trends in physical and chemical properties of the elements
  • Consequences of energy quantisation and wave particle duality in a chemical context
  • Shape and energy levels of atomic and simple molecular orbitals using wave equations, the Schrödinger equation and the LCAO-MO concept.
  • s, p, d and f orbitals and molecular orbitals formed from combinations of these orbitals
  • Basic principles of spectroscopy in terms of absorption and emission of radiation; the Beer-Lambert law and the Boltzmann equation


  • 20 one-hour lectures
  • 20 hours of practicals
  • 4 one-hour tutorials


  • Exam, 2 hours (70%)
  • Tutorials (10%)
  • 2 computer tests (7% + 7%) 
  • Problem/context based learning - group work (6%)