Hate Crime

Module code: CR3028 (double module)

This module seeks to provide wide-ranging and contemporary insights into the key issues relating to hate crime. Hate crime has become a pressing problem for societies across the world and this module outlines what criminologists and policy-makers can do to respond to this problem.

Hate crimes affect a broad range of people who are targeted specifically because of their actual or perceived race, faith, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or any other feature that marks them out as ‘different’ in the eyes of the perpetrator. Within this module particular focus is placed on examining the forms that hate crimes can take, their impacts upon victims and wider communities, and the effectiveness of existing laws, policies and criminal justice responses.

By studying this module you'll gain an in-depth understanding of the prevalence and nature of hate crime, and you'll be able to outline the motivations and situational factors which underpin why people commit acts of hate crime. You'll also explore a range of themes that have particular relevance in the current climate, including the challenges associated with online hate, extremism and prevention.


  • 20 hours of lectures
  • 9 hours of seminars
  • 4 hours of tutorials
  • 10 hours of practical classes and workshops
  • 8 hours of external visits
  • 249 hours of guided independent study


  • Essay, 2,000 words (50%)
  • Group poster presentation (50%)